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PLANTICA

ISO- 9001:2015 Certified, Thomson Reuters RID: O-8636-2017

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 PLANTICA, Vol. 3 (1), January, 2019 

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Cover and Index - PLANTICA 3 (1), January, 2019 

 

1. A REVIEW ON THERAPEUTIC AND COMMERCIAL IMPORTANCE OF GANODERMA LUCIDUM

Amrita Singh1, Sudeep Pathak2 and Sumira Malik3*

1Department of Agriculture and Forestry, Tula’s Institute, Dehradun (U.K.), 2Department of Agriculture, BFIT College, Dehradun (U.K.), 3Department of Agriculture, Shivalik Institute of Professional Studies, Dehradun, (U.K.)

*Corresponding Author: nandini19835@gmail.com  

Received: 03 November, 2018 – Accepted: 10 January, 2019

Abstract 
Ganoderma lucidum is an oriental traditional well known fungus and used globally for its therapeutic health promoting purposes from millions of years. It has been used as supplement in food and also as a therapeutic drug which invites in vivo and invitro studies of its bioactive compounds. Therefore, Ganoderma has made significant progress in Asian markets as a drug, supplement and cosmetic. This paper describes brief highlights of the Ganoderma lucidum products and bioactive elements significance for a common man.
Key words: Ganoderma lucidum, lingzhi, traditional medicine, Bioactive Elements

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2. ASSESSMENT OF HERITABILITY, GENETIC ADVANCEMENT AND YIELD OF BITTER GOURD UNDER GARHWAL REGION

Vivek Singh, D.K. Rana, K.N. Shah and Indra Jeet Chaudhary

Department of Horticulture, H.N.B. Garhwal University, Srinagar (Garhwal), Uttarakhand, India, 246174.

Corresponding Author: indrajeet.cug@gmaill.com and bibek007singh@gmail.com

Received: 10 November, 2018 – Accepted: 10 January, 2019 

Abstract

A fieldexperiment was conducted at Horticultural Research Centre, Department of Horticulture, H.N.B. Garhwal University, Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand. The mean sum of squares due to treatments showed significant differences for all the traits except for number of nodes per vine, fruit length and seed diameter. Coefficients of variability, heritability and genetic advance were computed on 37 traits. In the present investigation, the PCV were higher than the GCV for almost all the traits under studied.The GCV and PCV were moderate to low for almost all the characters except fruit yield per vine. The highest heritability was observed in length of vine, number of nodes per vine, leaf area,days to first fruit harvest, length of fruit, weight of fruit, fruit yield per hectare, carbohydrate content and vitamin A. The estimates of high heritability accompanied with moderate genetic advance over mean were recorded for days taken to opening of first female flower, percent of fruit setting, seed length and percentage of seed germination, so there is an ample scope for direct selection for these traits and also can be improve through mass selection.Hence, provides better opportunities for selecting plant material for these traits inbitter gourd.

Key words: Bitter gourd, heritability, genetic advance and GCV.

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3. APPLICATION OF HYDROGELS AS AN AGRICULTURAL AND PESTICIDAL CONTROLLED RELEASE FORMULATION

Harshavardhan Kumar1* and Rajnandini Kumari2 and Sumira Malik3

1Department of Geology, St. Columba’s College, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand 2Department of Agriculture, BFIT College, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 3Department of Agriculture, Shivalik College, SDS University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
*Corresponding author: harshafossils@gmail.com  

Received: 05 December, 2018 – Accepted: 10 January, 2019

Abstract 

The super absorbents are cross-linked, 3D structured high water retention capacity containing molecular compounds also known as smart hydrogels are utilised for agricultural application. The previous studies show their widespread application in Agriculture and horticulture as regulated slow release fertilizers or controlled release pesticides formulations. The current review discusses about the common characteristics, synthesis, techniques to evaluate hydrogels properties and application in agriculture.

Keywords: Smart hydrogels, slow release fertilizers, controlled release pesticides, application in agriculture.

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4. HABIT MANUPULATION: A NEW ASPECT OF PEST MANAGEMENT

Shikha Rohila1 and Sumira Malik2*

1Department of Agriculture and Forestry, Tula’s institute, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 2Department of Agriculture, Shivalik Institute of Professional Studies, Dehradun, Uttarakhand

*Corresponding author: rohila.shikha15@gmail.com  

Received: 03 November, 2018 – Accepted: 10 January, 2019

Abstract 

This article focuses on the problem caused by the insect pest imbalance in natural habitats because of different factors. These factors include biotic and abiotic factors which indirectly influences the agricultural practices. It eventually causes the economic loss to the farmers. The various possible solution with different approaches as regulatory source of pest management has been discussed in the current article.

Keywords: Ecological Engineering, Judicial use of insecticide, Plant variety, Alternative host

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