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PLANTICA

By: Association of Plant Science Researchers, Thomson Reuters RID: O-8636-2017, Impact Factor: 5.195

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 PLANTICA, Vol. 2 (3), July, 2018 

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Cover and Index - PLANTICA 2 (3), July, 2018 

 

1. PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING, TOTAL PHENOLIC CONTENT AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS LEAVES, pp: 164 – 169

Hima Haridas, Umadevi D and Jomet Sebastian. K*

Department of Biochemistry, Sreekrishna College Guruvayoor, Kerala *Corresponding Author: jometsk@gmail.com  

Abstract

Medicinal plants are the most exclusive source of life saving drugs for majority of the world's population. Catharanthus roseus was investigated from the ancient time for their phytochemical components and their therapeutic effects. In the present study photochemical, antioxidant, total phenolic content and ash content of Catharanthus roseus was carried out by standardized methods.  The results showed that almost all the photochemical components are present in the plant and it is notable to note that the DPPH Radical scavenging activity showed in a dose dependent manner and highest inhibition at 500 µg/ml.  The significant antioxidant activity showed at 62.5% at a concentration of 100 µg/ml.  The total phenolic content and ash content determination of the plant leaves revealed that the plant has a high medicinal property, particularly as anti inflammatory activity.

Key words:  Phytochemical, antioxidant activity and phenolic content

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2. PHYTOMONITORING OF DUST LOAD AND ITS EFFECT ON FOLIAR MICRO MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF URBAN TREES pp: 170 – 179  

Indra Jeet Chaudhary* and Dheeraj Rathore

School of Environment & Sustainable Development, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar Sector-30, Gujarat -382030. *Corresponding Author: indrajeet.cug@gmail.com  

Abstract

Dust load is considered as one of the most widespread air pollutants. In this study evaluated the dust load and dust capturing capacity of different plant species and their effect on leaf micro morphological characteristics of trees. Result showed significant variation at site and season of dust load and dust capturing capacity of different plants species. Variation of Micro morphological characteristic was also observed at site and season. Seasonally variation of dust load was higher in winter than summer and monsoon. In this study the highest dust deposition rates were observed in Ficus virens > Ficus religiosa > Cassia fistula and Azadirachta indica whereas dust capturing capacity was highest in Azadirachta indica > Ficus virens > Ficus religiosa > Cassia fistula. Micro morphological characteristic i.e. number of stomata, number of epidermal cells and Stomatal index was negatively affected by dust load. On the basis of maximum dust removal efficiency and less affected morphological and micro morphological characteristics of plants (Azadirachta indica) can be used in the reduction of dust pollution by acting as natural filters and promoted for plantation along the roadside having greater dust removal efficiency.

Key words:    Dust load; Dust capturing capacity; Dust removal efficiency; Stomatal variability 

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3. CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS, THERAPEUTIC USES, BENEFITS AND SIDE EFFECTS OF BISTORTA VIVIPARA: A REVIEW, pp: 180 – 199

Amandeep Paul*, Antul Kumar and Nirmaljit Kaur

Department of Botany, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141004, Punjab,*Corresponding author: amoo.ap@gmail.com

Abstract

Bistorta vivipara is a perennial herb belongs to the family Polygonaceae. It is highly distributed in Iceland, high elevation mountains regions and also grown in Alpine meadows, fields and Tibetan plateaus. It is commonly known as Alpine bistort, Serpent grass, Polygonum viviparam and viviparous knotweed. It originates from short, thickened rhizomes which is the rich source of starch. The best time to study this plant lasts from late June to early September. This herb contains a lot of medicinal values to treat dysentery, gastric problems, urinary tract disorders as well as pharyngitis. The root parts are highly used to cure piles, wounds, ulcers, vomiting and biliousness. It is a rich source of chemical constituents like volatile oils, flavonoids, gallic acid, tannins and saponins. It also has many bioactive effects viz; antibacterial, antioxidant, antitumor and antiarthritic properties. In this review paper the medicinal properties, side effects, chemical constituents of Bistorta vivipara has been explored. The whole plant parts are used to cure diseases including roots too.

Key words: Antibacterial, biliousnous, dysentery, flavonoids, gallic acid, Polygonum viviparam

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4. PLANT AND TREE SPECIES AS TOOLS FOR PHYTOREMEDIATION IN POLLUTED ENVIRONMENT: A REVIEW, pp: 200 – 212

Gurwinder Sran*, Antul Kumar, Amandeep Paul and Anuj Choudhary

Department of Botany, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141004, Punjab,*Corresponding author: gurwindersingh116@gmail.com 

Abstract

Plants act as a tool or green blanket to protect the environment from the effect of heavy metals, increasing day by day. Toxic metal pollution in water and soil is a major problem. Plants possess some important features which enable them to absorb heavy metals from soil and water. Plants also accumulate some toxic metals such as Silver (Ag), Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Cobalt (Co), Mercury (Hg), Lead (Pb) and Selenium (Se) etc. There are approximately 45 families have been identified which are responsible for absorbing heavy metals from the soil. Alongwith these plant species some agroforestry tree species also shows best results for accumulating heavy metals. Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus hybrid) and Poplar (Populus deltoids) trees are very suitable for phytoremediation due to its fast growth and having a large tissue. Poplar trees can breakdown atrazine from soil by using enzyme dehalogenase and laccase. Phytoremediation is the best method than the traditional methods. By using this technique we can protect soil, water as well as air resources in a single attempt. In this review article the ability of different plants to absorb the heavy metals from contaminated resources has been highlighted.

Keywords: Agroforestry, Brassica juncea, cadmium, hyperaccumulators, phytoremediation selenium.

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5. SMALLEST LIFE STUDIES AT THE VARIOUS SOCIETIES IN UTTRAKHAND NORTH-WEST HIMALAYApp: 213 – 223

Pankaj Lal,  J. S. Butola,  V. P. Khanduri,* and R. K. Prasad

College of Forestry Ranicharui, V.C.S.G. Uttarakhand University of   Horticulture and Forestry, Uttakhand 249199, *Corresponding Author: lalpankajforestry@gmail.com and pankajlalforestry@rediffmail.com

Abstract

The present investigation was conducted in Dandachali forest of Tehri Forest Division, North-Western part of Himalaya. Surveys and sampling of the vegetation were done using standard ecological assessment methods with an aim to study plant species like shrubs status at community level.  21 shrubs species were recorded in 6 forest communities, viz. Pinus roxburghii- Quercus leucotrichophora mixed, Pinus roxburghii, Pinus roxburghii-  Rhododendron arboreum mixed, Cedrus deodara- Pinus wallichiana mixed, Cedrus deodara- Rhododendron arboreum mixed and Rhododendron arboreum- Quercus leucotrichophora mixed, between the altitudinal range of 1482 and 2200 m asl. The maximum shrubs density (4250.00 individuals per ha) was observed at Pinus roxburghii- Rhododendron arboreum mixed forest.

Keyword: Community, Shrubs, Diversity, Density

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6. EFFECT OF ORGANIC SUBSTANCES ON GROWTH OF DIFFERENT PLEUROTUS SPECIESpp: 224 – 234

Amrita Singh1, Sudeep Pathak2, Rajnandini  Kumari2, Linto Paul Jacob2, Jojin Jollyand Sumira Malik1*

1Department of Agriculture and Forestry, Tula’s institute, Dehradun, 2Department of Agriculture, BFIT, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, *Corrosponding author: nandini19835@gmail.com 

Abstract

The trend of cultivation of Pleurotus species on lignin, cellulose, hemicellulose and lignocellulose containing substrates with chemical supplements for the efficient nutritional attributes and yield is common. Pleurotus species has immense capacity to metabolize these wastes as substrate to nutritionally rich fruiting bodies compared to other species of mushrooms and contribute in enhancement of nutritional value of mushrooms in food industry. In current studies, the triple combination of wheat straw substrate, oil extracted lemon grass leaves as an additional basal substrate with biological supplement containing maize flour powder were analyzed on different Pleurotus species. Here, we found P. sajor-caju consumed less number of days for spawn running, pin head formation and showed better yield than P. flabellatus and P. florida with the triple combination. The mycelium running for P. sajor-caju occurred only in 10 days comparative to P. flabellatus and P. florida. The development of fruiting body for P.sajor-caju was observed in 16 days, earlier than P. flabellatus and P. florida showing fruiting body in 20 and 23 days respectively. The biological efficiency B.E of P. sajor-caju was found to be 25% higher than P. flabellatus and 19% higher than P. florida. The results were noticeably improved, when the combination of wheat straw, additional oil extracted lemongrass leaves waste and maize flour powder supplement were used rather than as an individual substrate or supplement in the order of P. jsajor-caju followed by P. florida and P. flabellatus.

Keywords: Cultivation of Pleurotus species, Agrowaste, Forestry waste, Spawn running, Primordia formation, Biological efficiency.

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